The EGTC’s Board: the governors Maurizio Fugatti, Günther Platter and Arno Kompatscher at the presentation of the Euregio government programme 2019-21 during the Board meeting in Alpbach, on 14 November 2019. © Land Tirol
The three regional parliaments of Tyrol, South Tyrol and Trentino decided back in 1998 to deepen the interregional cooperation within the framework of a Euroregion. In 2009, they took a further step towards the future. The so-called Dreierlandtag, in which the three regional parliaments convene every two years in joint session, called on the regional governments to put the Euroregion on a stable footing through a new legal personality. When adopting this decision, the Dreierlandtag already sketched the institutional structure that would characterize the EGTC "European Region Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino".
The structure of the European Region is laid down in the founding treaties (Convention and Statute). These treaties were signed on 14 June 2011 by the three regional governors in Castel Thun (Trentino). The other foundations (note: internal link) of the functioning of the EGTC are laid out in a specific section of this website.
The statutes define the functioning and competences of the organs, as well as the decision-making procedures. The organs of the EGTC are:
- Board of Auditors
The members of the regional governments and parliaments are represented in the Assembly in equal numbers. The executive is represented by the respective regional governor and another member of the regional government. The legislative branch is represented by the presidents of the regional parliaments as well as one other member for each assembly.
On the one hand, the composition of the Assembly reflects the equality between the executive and the legislature, and on the other hand it reflects equality between member regions.
The Assembly has three main tasks: it sets the guidelines for the EGTC's objectives, controls the achievement of the objectives, and approves the EGTC’s budget.
The three regional governors compose the Board; they decide on the work programme and all current tasks of the European Region. In addition, the Board takes decisions on all matters not assigned to the other organs and makes all other decisions deemed proper and necessary for the functioning of the EGTC.
One of the three governors holds the office of president of the EGTC. The office rotates every two years between member regions, again as a testament to the principle of equality. The President represents the EGTC externally; in particular he/she performs the following functions:
- convenes the Board, chairs it and sets its agenda,
- proposes the annual and multi-annual budget to the Assembly and reports to it about the Board’s activities
- submits the annual work programme to the Board
For the implementation of the activities, the Board and the President avail themselves of the support of a General Secretariat. Each region appoints a representative to the EGTC’s General Secretariat, based in Bozen/Bolzano. The official of the member region holding the presidency serves at the same time as Secretary-General. The Secretary-General manages the EGTC. In performing his tasks, he/she is assisted by the representatives of the other two regions, taking all his/her decisions after prior consultation in the General Secretariat. He/she performs, among others, the following tasks:
- prepares the meetings of Board and Assembly
- assists the President in the exercise of his functions
- implements, with the support of regional administration, the Board’s decisions
The General Secretariat is the administrative body composed by the three representatives of member regions which runs the operative affairs of the EGTC. It is supported by a secretariat and other staff who assists it in the implementation of Euregio projects. A Board of Auditors checks and reports on the financial and economic management of the EGTC.
Within the framework of the EGTC’s think tank - the EuregioLab, an overhaul of the EGTC’s structures was agreed upon in 2020. The reform’s aim was to open the EGTC even more to citizens, municipalities and elected representatives. The signing of the new statute, which is to take place at the Tyrol Day 2021 in Alpbach, will also entail numerous changes to the institutional structure of the EGTC. In 2021, coordination offices of the European Region will be established in Innsbruck and Trento, making the Euregio more visible in all of its member regions. With these reforms, the Euregio is to be made fit for the future.